Cephalanthera cucullata is endemic to Crete, extremely rare and listed as endangered. It is found in three mountainous locations in Crete (the White Mountains, the Psiloritis range and the Dikti mountains) at altitudes between 700m and 1500m. The total population has been estimated at 500 individuals and is decreasing.
Cephalanthera cucullata grows in alkaline dry to cool soils in semi-shade. Typical habitats include mixed forests of oak (Quercus coccifera), Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) and Cretan maple (Acer sempervirens).
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